Voice

March 2014

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What's Trending 9 Inter Alia 9 Get Connected 9 Member Advantage 9 Contact Us u reader's corner w what's happening sponsor: Practice Pointers 9 about us: 20 Lifestyle by Teresa A. Statler R achel St. John, an associate professor of history at New York University, has wrien about the dramatic creation of the U.S.-Mexican border aer the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848 to its emergence as the modern border line we know today. In A Line In e Sand: A History of the Western U.S.-Mexico Border, she focuses on the geography and history of this part of North America. We learn of the Americans and Mexicans who created "the line." We also learn how "an undistinguished strip of land" became the many things it is today: an immigration checkpoint, a legal divide, a "site of transborder exchange and community formation, and a place that people call home." A Land Contested St. John tells us that the history of the border began in the early 19th century with a "collective act of imagination" in the minds of Americans and Mexicans who looked to maps of North America "to think about what their republics were and what they might someday become." Aer the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in 1848, the joint Mexican-American Boundary Commission began its work to demarcate the border west of the Rio Grande, in what one American member of the commission called "a sterile waste." e land, however, had been and continued to be contested not only by the two governments, but also by the Apaches, who had always lived in the borderlands, and also by private armies of adventurers called "filibusters." Apache raiders moved back and forth across the border line, cleverly playing U.S. and Mexican forces against each other, straining relations between them and "underscoring the limits of either country's ability to control its national space." St. John goes on to explain how capitalism was cultivated across the borderline, starting with the development of railroads. is allowed for the integration of both countries and facilitated their ability to ship copper and other mineral ores from the mines on both sides of the border to the port of Guaymas on the Gulf of California. e borderlands' labor market was segregated by race, with Mexican workers—especially those in Arizona's copper mines—paid less than their white counterparts. is resulted in labor violence and strikes in the early 20th century. e emergence of transborder ranches "was as much about land as cale," St. John tells us, Drawing a Line in the Sand Line in the Sand: A History of the Western U.S.- Mexico Border Princeton University Press, 2012, 296 pages + LIBRARY BOOK "St. John tells us that the history of the border began in the early 19th century with a 'collective act of imagination' in the minds of Americans and Mexicans. ..." NAFTA Revisited (Free!) + LOCKER SEMINAR next uw

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